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References

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    CrossRef
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    CrossRef
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Article

Research article

J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2017; 27(7): 1306-1315

Published online July 28, 2017 https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1701.01073

Copyright © The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Evaluation of the Synergistic Effect of Mixed Cultures of White-Rot Fungus Pleurotus ostreatus and Biosurfactant-Producing Bacteria on DDT Biodegradation

Adi Setyo Purnomo 1*, Khoirul Ashari 1 and Farizha Triyogi Hermansyah 1

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia

Received: January 31, 2017; Accepted: April 20, 2017

Abstract

DDT (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane) is one of the organic synthetic pesticides
that has many negative effects for human health and the environment. The purpose of this
study was to investigate the synergistic effect of mixed cutures of white-rot fungus, Pleurotus
ostreatus, and biosurfactant-producing bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis, on
DDT biodegradation. Bacteria were added into the P. ostreatus culture (mycelial wet weight on
average by 8.53 g) in concentrations of 1, 3, 5, and 10 ml (1 ml ≈ 1.25 × 109 bacteria cells/ml
culture). DDT was degraded to approximately 19% by P. ostreatus during the 7-day incubation
period. The principal result of this study was that the addition of 3 ml of P. aeruginosa into
P. ostreatus culture gave the highest DDT degradation rate (approximately 86%) during the
7-day incubation period. This mixed culture combination of the fungus and bacteria also gave
the best ratio of optimization of 1.91. DDD (1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane), DDE
(1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethylene), and DDMU (1-chloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)
ethylene) were detected as metabolic products from the DDT degradation by P. ostreatus and
P. aeruginosa. The results of this study indicate that P. aeruginosa has a synergistic relationship
with P. ostreatus and can be used to optimize the degradation of DDT by P. ostreatus.

Keywords: Biodegradation, DDT, Pleurotus ostreatus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis

References

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    CrossRef
  2. Busvine JR. 1989. DDT: fifty years for good or ill. Pestic. Outlook 1: 4-8.
  3. Foght J, April T, Biggar K, Aislabie J. 2001. Bioremediation of DDT-contaminated soils: a review. Bioremediat. J. 5: 225-246.
    CrossRef
  4. Kale SP, Murthy NBK, Raghu K, Sherkhane PD, Carvalho FP. 1999. Studies on degradation of 14C- DDT in the marine environment. Chemosphere 39: 959-968.
    CrossRef
  5. Aislabie JM, Richards NK, Boul HL. 1997. Microbial degradation of DDT and its residues - a review. N.Z. J. Agric. Res. 40: 269-282.
    CrossRef
  6. Simonich SL, Hites RA. 1995. Global distribution of persistent organochlorine compounds. Science 269: 1851-1854.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  7. Purnomo AS, Kamei I, Kondo R. 2008. Degradation of 1,1,1trichloro-2,2-bis (4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) by brown-rot fungi. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 105: 614-621.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Purnomo AS, Mori T, Kamei I, Nishii T, Kondo R. 2010. Application of mushroom waste medium from Pleurotus ostreatus for bioremediation of DDT-contaminated soil. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 64: 397-402.
    CrossRef
  9. Abalos A, Pinazo A, Infante MR, Casals M, Garcia F, Manresa A. 2001. Physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of new rhamnolipids produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa AT10 from soybean oil refinery wastes. Langmuir 17: 1367-1371.
    CrossRef
  10. Datta S. 2011. Optimization of culture conditions for biosurfactant production from Pseudomonas aeruginosa OCD1. J. Adv. Sci. Res. 2: 32-36.
  11. Guerra-Santos L, Käppeli O, Fiechter A. 1984. Pseudomonas aeruginosa biosurfactant production in continuous culture with glucose as carbon source. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 48: 301-305.
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    Pubmed CrossRef
  13. Silva SNRL, Farias CBB, Rufino RD, Luna JM, Sarubbo LA. 2010. Glycerol as substrate for the production of biosurfactant by Pseudomonas aeruginosa UCP0992. Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces 79: 174-183.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  14. Yin H, Qiang J, Jia Y, Ye J, Peng H, Qin H, et al. 2009. Characteristics of biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa S6 isolated from oil-containing wastewater. Process Biochem. 44: 302-308.
    CrossRef
  15. Zhang C, Wang S, Yan Y. 2012. Isomerization and biodegradation of beta-cypermethrin by Pseudomonas aeruginosa CH7 with biosurfactant production. Bioresour. Technol. 102:7139-7146.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Gudiña EJ, Rangarajan V, Sen R, Rodrigues LR. 2013. Potential therapeutic applications of biosurfactants. Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 34: 667-675.
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  17. Pornsunthorntawee N, Arttaweeporn N, Paisanjit S, Somboonthanate P, Abe M, Rujiravanit R, et al. 2008. Isolation and comparison of biosurfactants produced by Bacillus subtilis Pt2 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa SP4 for microbial surfactant-enhanced oil recovery. Biochem. Eng. J. 42: 172-179.
    CrossRef
  18. Zouari R, Chaabouni SE, Aydi DG. 2014. Optimization of Bacillus subtilis SPB1 biosurfactant production under solidstate fermentation using by-products of a traditional olive mill factory. Achiev. Life Sci. 8: 162-169.
    CrossRef
  19. Bidlan R. 2003. Studies on DDT degradation by bacterial strains. PhD Thesis, Central Food Technological Research Institute, University of Mysore, India.
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    Pubmed
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    CrossRef
  22. Cho EA, Seo J, Lee DW, Pan JG. 2011. Decolorization of indigo carmine by laccase displayed on Bacillus subtilis spores. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 49: 100-104.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  23. Farzaneh M, Shi ZQ, Ghassempour A, Sedaghat N, Ahmadzadeh M, Mirabolfathy M, et al. 2012. Aflatoxin B1 degradation by Bacillus subtilis UTBSP1 isolated from pistachio nuts of Iran. Food Control 23: 100-106.
    CrossRef
  24. Sompornpailin D, Siripattanakul-Ratpukdi S, Vangnai AS. 2014. Diethyl phthalate degradation by the freeze-dried, entrapped Bacillus subtilis strain 3C3. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 91: 138-147.
    CrossRef
  25. Johnson BT, Kennedy JO. 1973. Biomagnification of p,p’DDT and methoxychlor by bacteria. Appl. Microbiol. 26: 66-71.
    Pubmed KoreaMed
  26. Langlois BE, Collins JA, Sides KG. 1970. Some factors affecting degradation of organochlorine pesticide by bacteria. J. Dairy Sci. 53: 1671-1675.
    CrossRef
  27. Purnomo AS, Mori T, Kondo R. 2010. Involvement of Fenton reaction in DDT degradation by brown-rot fungi. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 64: 560-565.
    CrossRef
  28. Purnomo AS, Mori T, Putra SR, Kondo R. 2013. Biotransformation of heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide by white-rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 82: 40-44.
    CrossRef
  29. Purnomo AS, Nawfa R, Martak F, Shimizu K, Kamei I. 2017. Biodegradation of aldrin and dieldrin by white-rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Curr. Microbiol. 74: 320-324.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  30. Wahyuni S, Suhartono MT, Khaeruni A, Purnomo AS, Asranudin, Holilah, Riupassa PA. 2016. Purification and characterization of thermostable chitinase from Bacillus SW41 for chitin oligomer production. Asian J. Chem. 28:2731-2736.
    CrossRef
  31. Purnomo AS, Mori T, Takagi K, Kondo R. 2011. Bioremediation of DDT contaminated soil using brown-rot fungi. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 65: 691-695.
    CrossRef
  32. Purnomo AS, Koyama F, Mori T, Kondo R. 2010. DDT degradation potential of cattle manure compost. Chemosphere 80: 619-624.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  33. Purnomo AS, Mori T, Kamei I, Kondo R. 2011. Basic studies and applications on bioremediation of DDT: a review. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 65: 921-930.
    CrossRef
  34. Purnomo AS, Putra SR, Shimizu K, Kondo R. 2014. Biodegradation of heptachlor and heptachlor epoxidecontaminated soils by white-rot fungal inocula. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 21: 11305-11312.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  35. Subba Rao RV, Alexander M. 1985. Bacterial and fungal cometabolism of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis-(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) and its breakdown products. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49: 509-516.
    Pubmed KoreaMed
  36. Arisoy M. 1998. Biodegradation of chlorinated organic compounds by white-rot fungi. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 60: 872-876.
    Pubmed CrossRef
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