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Research article

References

  1. Chae KJ, Choi M, Ajayi FF, Park W, Chang IS, Kim IS. 2007. Mass transport through a proton exchange membrane (nafion) in microbial fuel cells. Energy Fuels 22: 169-176.
    CrossRef
  2. Chae KJ, Choi MJ, Lee JW, Kim KY, Kim IS. 2009. Effect of different substrates on the performance, bacterial diversity, and bacterial viability in microbial fuel cells. Bioresour. Technol. 100: 3518-3525.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  3. Chang I-S, Moon H-S, Bretschger O, Jang J-K, Park H-I, Nealson KH, Kim B-H. 2006. Electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) and mediator-less microbial fuel cells. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 16: 163-177.
  4. Choi M-J, Chae K-J, Ajayi FF, Kim K-Y, Yu H-W, Kim C-W, Kim IS. 2011. Effects of biofouling on ion transport through cation exchange membranes and microbial fuel cell performance. Bioresour. Technol. 102: 298-303.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  5. Choi S, Kim JR, Cha J, Kim Y, Premier GC, Kim C. 2013. Enhanced power production of a membrane electrode assembly microbial fuel cell (MFC) using a cost effective poly [2, 5-benzimidazole](ABPBI) impregnated non-woven fabric filter. Bioresour. Technol. 128: 14-21.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Christgen B, Scott K, Dolfing J, Head IM, Curtis TP. 2015. An evaluation of the performance and economics of membranes and separators in single chamber microbial fuel cells treating domestic wastewater. PLoS One 10: e0136108.
    Pubmed PMC CrossRef
  7. Daud SM, Kim BH, Ghasemi M, Daud WRW. 2015. Separators used in microbial electrochemical technologies:current status and future prospects. Bioresour. Technol. 195:170-179.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Fan Y, Sharbrough E, Liu H. 2008. Quantification of the internal resistance distribution of microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42: 8101-8107.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Ghasemi M, Daud WRW, Ismail AF, Jafari Y, Ismail M, Mayahi A, Othman J. 2013. Simultaneous wastewater treatment and electricity generation by microbial fuel cell:performance comparison and cost investigation of using Nafion 117 and SPEEK as separators. Desalination 325: 1-6.
    CrossRef
  10. Jang JK, Kim KM, Byun S, Ryou YS, Chang IS, Kang YK, Kim YH. 2014. Current generation from microbial fuel cell using stainless steel wire as anode electrode. J. Kor. Soc. Environ. Eng. 36: 753-757.
    CrossRef
  11. Jang JK, Moon HS, Chang IS, Kim BH. 2005. Improved performance of microbial fuel cell using membrane-electrode assembly. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 15: 438-441.
  12. Kim D, Chang IS. 2009. Electricity generation from synthesis gas by microbial processes: CO fermentation and microbial fuel cell technology. Bioresour. Technol. 100: 4527-4530.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  13. Kim JR, Cheng S, Oh S-E, Logan BE. 2007. Power generation using different cation, anion, and ultrafiltration membranes in microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41: 1004-1009.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  14. Kim T, An J, Jang JK, Chang IS. 2015. Coupling of anaerobic digester and microbial fuel cell for COD removal and ammonia recovery. Bioresour. Technol. 195: 217-222.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  15. Kim T, An J, Lee H, Jang JK, Chang IS. 2016. pH-dependent ammonia removal pathways in microbial fuel cell system. Bioresour. Technol. 215: 290-295.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Kondaveeti S, Lee J, Kakarla R, Kim HS, Min B. 2014. Lowcost separators for enhanced power production and field application of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Electrochim. Acta 132: 434-440.
    CrossRef
  17. Li W-W, Sheng G-P, Liu X-W, Yu H-Q. 2011. Recent advances in the separators for microbial fuel cells. Bioresour. Technol. 102: 244-252.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  18. Liu H, Cheng S, Logan BE. 2005. Power generation in fedbatch microbial fuel cells as a function of ionic strength, temperature, and reactor configuration. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39: 5488-5493.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  19. Liu H, Logan BE. 2004. Electricity generation using an aircathode single chamber microbial fuel cell in the presence and absence of a proton exchange membrane. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 4040-4046.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Liu H, Logan BE. 2004. Electricity generation using an aircathode single chamber microbial fuel cell in the presence and absence of a proton exchange membrane. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 4040-4046.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  21. Liu H, Ramnarayanan R, Logan BE. 2004. Production of electricity during wastewater treatment using a single chamber microbial fuel cell. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 2281-2285.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  22. Min B, Cheng S, Logan BE. 2005. Electricity generation using membrane and salt bridge microbial fuel cells. Water Res. 39: 1675-1686.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  23. Oh S, Min B, Logan BE. 2004. Cathode performance as a factor in electricity generation in microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 4900-4904.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  24. Rozendal RA, Hamelers HV, Buisman CJ. 2006. Effects of membrane cation transport on pH and microbial fuel cell performance. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40: 5206-5211.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  25. Xu J, Sheng G-P, Luo H-W, Li W-W, Wang L-F, Yu H-Q. 2012. Fouling of proton exchange membrane (PEM) deteriorates the performance of microbial fuel cell. Water Res. 46: 18171824.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  26. Zhang X, Cheng S, Huang X, Logan BE. 2010. Improved performance of single-chamber microbial fuel cells through control of membrane deformation. Biosens. Bioelectron. 25:1825-1828.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  27. Zhang X, Cheng S, Wang X, Huang X, Logan BE. 2009. Separator characteristics for increasing performance of microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43: 8456-8461.
    Pubmed CrossRef

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Article

Research article

J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2016; 26(12): 2171-2178

Published online December 28, 2016 https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1608.08040

Copyright © The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Characterization of Polyester Cloth as an Alternative Separator to Nafion Membrane in Microbial Fuel Cells for Bioelectricity Generation Using Swine Wastewater

Taeyoung Kim 1, Sukwon Kang 1, Je Hoon Sung 1, Youn Koo Kang 1, Young Hwa Kim 1 and Jae Kyung Jang 1*

Energy and Environmental Engineering Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju 54875, Republic of Korea

Received: August 19, 2016; Accepted: September 12, 2016

Abstract

Polyester cloth (PC) was selected as a prospective inexpensive substitute separator material
for microbial fuel cells (MFCs). PC was compared with a traditional Nafion proton exchange
membrane (PEM) as an MFC separator by analyzing its physical and electrochemical
properties. A single layer of PC showed higher mass transfer (e.g., for O2/H+/ions) than the
Nafion PEM; in the case of oxygen mass transfer coefficient (ko), a rate of 50.0 × 10-5 cm·s-1 was
observed compared with a rate of 20.8 × 10-5 cm/s in the Nafion PEM. Increased numbers of
PC layers were found to reduce the oxygen mass transfer coefficient. In addition, the diffusion
coefficient of oxygen (DO) for PC (2.0–3.3 × 10-6 cm2/s) was lower than that of the Nafion PEM
(3.8 × 10-6 cm2/s). The PC was found to have a low ohmic resistance (0.29–0.38 Ω) in the MFC,
which was similar to that of Nafion PEM (0.31 Ω); this resulted in comparable maximum
power density and maximum current density in MFCs with PC and those with Nafion PEMs.
Moreover, a higher average current generation was observed in MFCs with PC (104.3 ± 15.3 A/m3)
compared with MFCs with Nafion PEM (100.4 ± 17.7 A/m3), as well as showing insignificant
degradation of the PC surface, during 177 days of use in swine wastewater. These results
suggest that PC separators could serve as a low-cost alternative to Nafion PEMs for
construction of cost-effective MFCs.

Keywords: microbial fuel cell, polyester cloth, proton exchange membrane, separator, swine wastewater

References

  1. Chae KJ, Choi M, Ajayi FF, Park W, Chang IS, Kim IS. 2007. Mass transport through a proton exchange membrane (nafion) in microbial fuel cells. Energy Fuels 22: 169-176.
    CrossRef
  2. Chae KJ, Choi MJ, Lee JW, Kim KY, Kim IS. 2009. Effect of different substrates on the performance, bacterial diversity, and bacterial viability in microbial fuel cells. Bioresour. Technol. 100: 3518-3525.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  3. Chang I-S, Moon H-S, Bretschger O, Jang J-K, Park H-I, Nealson KH, Kim B-H. 2006. Electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) and mediator-less microbial fuel cells. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 16: 163-177.
  4. Choi M-J, Chae K-J, Ajayi FF, Kim K-Y, Yu H-W, Kim C-W, Kim IS. 2011. Effects of biofouling on ion transport through cation exchange membranes and microbial fuel cell performance. Bioresour. Technol. 102: 298-303.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  5. Choi S, Kim JR, Cha J, Kim Y, Premier GC, Kim C. 2013. Enhanced power production of a membrane electrode assembly microbial fuel cell (MFC) using a cost effective poly [2, 5-benzimidazole](ABPBI) impregnated non-woven fabric filter. Bioresour. Technol. 128: 14-21.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Christgen B, Scott K, Dolfing J, Head IM, Curtis TP. 2015. An evaluation of the performance and economics of membranes and separators in single chamber microbial fuel cells treating domestic wastewater. PLoS One 10: e0136108.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  7. Daud SM, Kim BH, Ghasemi M, Daud WRW. 2015. Separators used in microbial electrochemical technologies:current status and future prospects. Bioresour. Technol. 195:170-179.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Fan Y, Sharbrough E, Liu H. 2008. Quantification of the internal resistance distribution of microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42: 8101-8107.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Ghasemi M, Daud WRW, Ismail AF, Jafari Y, Ismail M, Mayahi A, Othman J. 2013. Simultaneous wastewater treatment and electricity generation by microbial fuel cell:performance comparison and cost investigation of using Nafion 117 and SPEEK as separators. Desalination 325: 1-6.
    CrossRef
  10. Jang JK, Kim KM, Byun S, Ryou YS, Chang IS, Kang YK, Kim YH. 2014. Current generation from microbial fuel cell using stainless steel wire as anode electrode. J. Kor. Soc. Environ. Eng. 36: 753-757.
    CrossRef
  11. Jang JK, Moon HS, Chang IS, Kim BH. 2005. Improved performance of microbial fuel cell using membrane-electrode assembly. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 15: 438-441.
  12. Kim D, Chang IS. 2009. Electricity generation from synthesis gas by microbial processes: CO fermentation and microbial fuel cell technology. Bioresour. Technol. 100: 4527-4530.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  13. Kim JR, Cheng S, Oh S-E, Logan BE. 2007. Power generation using different cation, anion, and ultrafiltration membranes in microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41: 1004-1009.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  14. Kim T, An J, Jang JK, Chang IS. 2015. Coupling of anaerobic digester and microbial fuel cell for COD removal and ammonia recovery. Bioresour. Technol. 195: 217-222.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  15. Kim T, An J, Lee H, Jang JK, Chang IS. 2016. pH-dependent ammonia removal pathways in microbial fuel cell system. Bioresour. Technol. 215: 290-295.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Kondaveeti S, Lee J, Kakarla R, Kim HS, Min B. 2014. Lowcost separators for enhanced power production and field application of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Electrochim. Acta 132: 434-440.
    CrossRef
  17. Li W-W, Sheng G-P, Liu X-W, Yu H-Q. 2011. Recent advances in the separators for microbial fuel cells. Bioresour. Technol. 102: 244-252.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  18. Liu H, Cheng S, Logan BE. 2005. Power generation in fedbatch microbial fuel cells as a function of ionic strength, temperature, and reactor configuration. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39: 5488-5493.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  19. Liu H, Logan BE. 2004. Electricity generation using an aircathode single chamber microbial fuel cell in the presence and absence of a proton exchange membrane. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 4040-4046.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Liu H, Logan BE. 2004. Electricity generation using an aircathode single chamber microbial fuel cell in the presence and absence of a proton exchange membrane. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 4040-4046.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  21. Liu H, Ramnarayanan R, Logan BE. 2004. Production of electricity during wastewater treatment using a single chamber microbial fuel cell. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 2281-2285.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  22. Min B, Cheng S, Logan BE. 2005. Electricity generation using membrane and salt bridge microbial fuel cells. Water Res. 39: 1675-1686.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  23. Oh S, Min B, Logan BE. 2004. Cathode performance as a factor in electricity generation in microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 4900-4904.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  24. Rozendal RA, Hamelers HV, Buisman CJ. 2006. Effects of membrane cation transport on pH and microbial fuel cell performance. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40: 5206-5211.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  25. Xu J, Sheng G-P, Luo H-W, Li W-W, Wang L-F, Yu H-Q. 2012. Fouling of proton exchange membrane (PEM) deteriorates the performance of microbial fuel cell. Water Res. 46: 18171824.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  26. Zhang X, Cheng S, Huang X, Logan BE. 2010. Improved performance of single-chamber microbial fuel cells through control of membrane deformation. Biosens. Bioelectron. 25:1825-1828.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  27. Zhang X, Cheng S, Wang X, Huang X, Logan BE. 2009. Separator characteristics for increasing performance of microbial fuel cells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43: 8456-8461.
    Pubmed CrossRef