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Research article

References

  1. Arce, L., M. Zougagh, C. Arce, A. Moreno, A. Ríos, and M. Valcarcel. 2007. Self assembled monolayer-based piezoelectric flow immunosensor for the determination of canine immunoglobulin. Biosens. Bioelectron. 22: 3217-3223.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  2. Carter, R. M., J. J. Mekalanos, M. B. Jacobs, G. J. Lubrano, and G. G. Guilbault. 1995. Quartz crystal microbalance detection of Vibrio cholerae O139 serotype. J. Immunol. Methods 187: 121-125.
    CrossRef
  3. Chou, S. F., W. L. Hsu, J. M. Hwang, and C. Y. Chen. 2002. Determination of α-fetoprotein in human serum by a quartz crystal microbalance-based immunosensor. Clin. Chem. 48:913-918.
    Pubmed
  4. Choudhary, M. K., R. Agrawal, R. Kumar, P. Singh, B. R. K. Gupta, and K. P. Singh. 2010. Detection of cadmium-resistant rhizobacteria using piezoelectric nanobiosensor. Int. J. Nanosci. 9: 461-469.
    CrossRef
  5. Eva, B. L., C. Olivier, J. Fco, and M. F. Xavier. 2008 Gold immuno-functionalisation via self-assembled monolayers: Study of critical parameters and comparative performance for protein and bacteria detection. J. Immunol. Methods 336: 203-212.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Garcia, M. N. V. and M. Toby 2003. Biosensor technology addressing agricultural problems. Biosyst. Eng. 84: 1-12.
    CrossRef
  7. Gaur, Y. D. 2000. Enzyme linked immuno assay, pp. 135-136. In:Immunological and Molecular Marker Techniques for Ecological Studies of Soil Microorganisms: A Manual Theory and Practice. Winter School (20 Dec. 1999-9 Jan. 2000). I.A.R.I.
  8. Guo, H. S., L. Luo, X. Chen, Q. Xiao, W. Xi, G. Wei, et al. 2010. Bioremediation of heavy metals by growing hyperaccumulaor endophytic bacterium Bacillus sp. L14. Bioresour. Technol. 101:8599-8605.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Hong, S. R. S., J. Choi, H. D. Jeong, and S. Hong. 2009. Development of QCM biosensor to detect a marine derived pathogenic bacteria Edwardsiella tarda using a novel immobilisation method. Biosens. Bioelectron. 24: 1635-1640.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  10. Irem, K. O., H. Avn, and M. Mehmet, 2009. QCM-based DNA biosensor for detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Biochem. Eng. J. 44: 142-150.
    CrossRef
  11. Ivnitski, D., I. Abdel-Hamid, P. Atanasov, and E. Wilkins. 1999. Biosensors for detection of pathogenic bacteria. Biosens. Bioelectron. 14: 599-624.
    CrossRef
  12. Jacobs, M. B. R., M. Cater, G. J. Lubrano, and G. G. Guilbault. 1995. A piezoelectric biosensor for Listeria monocytogenes. Am. Lab. 27: 26-28.
  13. Kumar, A. 2000. http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0010/Kumar/Kumar-0010.htmc.
  14. Liu, Y. C. C., M. Wang, and K. P. Hsiung. 2001. Comparison of different protein immobilization methods on quartz crystal microbalance surface in flow injection immunoassay. Anal. Biochem. 299: 130-135.
    CrossRef
  15. Lopareva, P. A., B. Pourrut, C. Waterlot, G. Garçon, G. Bidar, C. Pruvot, et al. 2011. Assessment of fly ash-aided phytostabilisation of highly contaminated soils after an 8-year field trial: Part 1. Influence on soil parameters and metal extractability. Sci. Total Environ. 409: 647-654.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Marco, M. P. and D. Barcelo. 1996. Environmental applications of analytical biosensors. Meas. Sci. Technol. 7: 1547-1562.
    CrossRef
  17. Muramatsu, H., K. Kajiwara, E. Tamiya, and I. Karube. 1986. Piezoelectric immunosensor for the detection of Candida albicans microbes. Anal. Chem. Acta 188: 257-261.
    CrossRef
  18. Olivier, L., C. F. J. Del, and M. F. Xavier. 2007. Pathogen detection: A perspective of traditional methods and biosensors. Biosens. Bioelectron. 22: 1205-1217.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  19. Ozturk, S., B. Aslim, and Z. Suludere. 2010. Cadmium (II) sequestration characteristics by two isolates of Synechocystis sp. in terms of exopolysaccharide (EPS) production and monomer composition. Bioresour Technol. 101: 9742-9748.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Satlewal, A., R. Soni, M. G. H. Zaidi, Y. Shouche, and R. Goel. 2008. Comparative biodegradation of hdpe and ldpe using an indigenously developed microbial consortium. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 18: 477-482.
    Pubmed
  21. Saurbrey, G. 1959. Use of quartz crystal vibrator for weighting thin films on a microbalance. Eur. Phys. J. A Hadrons Nuclei 155: 206-212.
  22. Su, X. D., S. F. Y. Li, J. Kwang, and S. Low. 2000. Piezoelectric quartz crystal based screening test for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus infection in pigs. Analyst 125: 725-730.
    CrossRef
  23. Ye, J., S. V. Letcher, and A. G. Rand 1997. Piezoelectric biosensor for detection of Salmonella Typhimurium. J. Food Sci. 62: 1067-1071.
    CrossRef

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Article

Research article

J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2012; 22(6): 849-855

Published online June 28, 2012 https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1108.08055

Copyright © The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Rapid Detection of Cadmium-Resistant Plant Growth Promotory Rhizobacteria: A Perspective of ELISA and QCM-Based Immunosensor

Ruchi Agrawal 1*, Alok Satlewal 2, Manav Chaudhary 3, Amit Verma 1, Rachna Singh 1, A. K. Verma 1, Rajesh Kumar 2 and K. P. Singh 3

1Department of Biochemistry, CBSH, GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, 263145, India, 2Department of Microbiology, CBSH, GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, 263145, India, 3Department of Biophysics, CBSH, GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, 263145, India

Received: August 23, 2011; Accepted: February 11, 2012

Abstract

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) pseudomonads
have a large number of lipopolysaccharides on the cell surface,
which induces immune responses. Cd-resistant PGPR
prevalent at the Cd-affected sites under biophytostabilization
was monitored. Transmissiom electron microscopy was
used to the study the behavior of tolerance of PGPR to
cadmium level and its effect on pseudomonad strains (Z9,
S2, KNP2, CRPF, and NBRI). An immunosensor was
developed by immobilizing antibody (anti-Z9 or anti-S2)
against selected PGPR on a piezoelectric quartz crystal
microbalance (QCM). Immunosensors were found to
supplement the inherent specificity of antigen-antibody
reactions with the high sensitivity of a physical transducer.
On comparison of the efficiency of detection with ELISA, the
spectrophotometric technique, the developed immunosensor
was found to be more sensitive, fast, and reliable even after
regeneration for several times. Thus, the immunosensor
may be used for future detection of PGPR strains after
automation of the screening process.

Keywords: PGPR, ELISA, Immunosensor, QCM, Rhizobacteria, Bioremediation

References

  1. Arce, L., M. Zougagh, C. Arce, A. Moreno, A. Ríos, and M. Valcarcel. 2007. Self assembled monolayer-based piezoelectric flow immunosensor for the determination of canine immunoglobulin. Biosens. Bioelectron. 22: 3217-3223.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  2. Carter, R. M., J. J. Mekalanos, M. B. Jacobs, G. J. Lubrano, and G. G. Guilbault. 1995. Quartz crystal microbalance detection of Vibrio cholerae O139 serotype. J. Immunol. Methods 187: 121-125.
    CrossRef
  3. Chou, S. F., W. L. Hsu, J. M. Hwang, and C. Y. Chen. 2002. Determination of α-fetoprotein in human serum by a quartz crystal microbalance-based immunosensor. Clin. Chem. 48:913-918.
    Pubmed
  4. Choudhary, M. K., R. Agrawal, R. Kumar, P. Singh, B. R. K. Gupta, and K. P. Singh. 2010. Detection of cadmium-resistant rhizobacteria using piezoelectric nanobiosensor. Int. J. Nanosci. 9: 461-469.
    CrossRef
  5. Eva, B. L., C. Olivier, J. Fco, and M. F. Xavier. 2008 Gold immuno-functionalisation via self-assembled monolayers: Study of critical parameters and comparative performance for protein and bacteria detection. J. Immunol. Methods 336: 203-212.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Garcia, M. N. V. and M. Toby 2003. Biosensor technology addressing agricultural problems. Biosyst. Eng. 84: 1-12.
    CrossRef
  7. Gaur, Y. D. 2000. Enzyme linked immuno assay, pp. 135-136. In:Immunological and Molecular Marker Techniques for Ecological Studies of Soil Microorganisms: A Manual Theory and Practice. Winter School (20 Dec. 1999-9 Jan. 2000). I.A.R.I.
  8. Guo, H. S., L. Luo, X. Chen, Q. Xiao, W. Xi, G. Wei, et al. 2010. Bioremediation of heavy metals by growing hyperaccumulaor endophytic bacterium Bacillus sp. L14. Bioresour. Technol. 101:8599-8605.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Hong, S. R. S., J. Choi, H. D. Jeong, and S. Hong. 2009. Development of QCM biosensor to detect a marine derived pathogenic bacteria Edwardsiella tarda using a novel immobilisation method. Biosens. Bioelectron. 24: 1635-1640.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  10. Irem, K. O., H. Avn, and M. Mehmet, 2009. QCM-based DNA biosensor for detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Biochem. Eng. J. 44: 142-150.
    CrossRef
  11. Ivnitski, D., I. Abdel-Hamid, P. Atanasov, and E. Wilkins. 1999. Biosensors for detection of pathogenic bacteria. Biosens. Bioelectron. 14: 599-624.
    CrossRef
  12. Jacobs, M. B. R., M. Cater, G. J. Lubrano, and G. G. Guilbault. 1995. A piezoelectric biosensor for Listeria monocytogenes. Am. Lab. 27: 26-28.
  13. Kumar, A. 2000. http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0010/Kumar/Kumar-0010.htmc.
  14. Liu, Y. C. C., M. Wang, and K. P. Hsiung. 2001. Comparison of different protein immobilization methods on quartz crystal microbalance surface in flow injection immunoassay. Anal. Biochem. 299: 130-135.
    CrossRef
  15. Lopareva, P. A., B. Pourrut, C. Waterlot, G. Garçon, G. Bidar, C. Pruvot, et al. 2011. Assessment of fly ash-aided phytostabilisation of highly contaminated soils after an 8-year field trial: Part 1. Influence on soil parameters and metal extractability. Sci. Total Environ. 409: 647-654.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Marco, M. P. and D. Barcelo. 1996. Environmental applications of analytical biosensors. Meas. Sci. Technol. 7: 1547-1562.
    CrossRef
  17. Muramatsu, H., K. Kajiwara, E. Tamiya, and I. Karube. 1986. Piezoelectric immunosensor for the detection of Candida albicans microbes. Anal. Chem. Acta 188: 257-261.
    CrossRef
  18. Olivier, L., C. F. J. Del, and M. F. Xavier. 2007. Pathogen detection: A perspective of traditional methods and biosensors. Biosens. Bioelectron. 22: 1205-1217.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  19. Ozturk, S., B. Aslim, and Z. Suludere. 2010. Cadmium (II) sequestration characteristics by two isolates of Synechocystis sp. in terms of exopolysaccharide (EPS) production and monomer composition. Bioresour Technol. 101: 9742-9748.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Satlewal, A., R. Soni, M. G. H. Zaidi, Y. Shouche, and R. Goel. 2008. Comparative biodegradation of hdpe and ldpe using an indigenously developed microbial consortium. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 18: 477-482.
    Pubmed
  21. Saurbrey, G. 1959. Use of quartz crystal vibrator for weighting thin films on a microbalance. Eur. Phys. J. A Hadrons Nuclei 155: 206-212.
  22. Su, X. D., S. F. Y. Li, J. Kwang, and S. Low. 2000. Piezoelectric quartz crystal based screening test for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus infection in pigs. Analyst 125: 725-730.
    CrossRef
  23. Ye, J., S. V. Letcher, and A. G. Rand 1997. Piezoelectric biosensor for detection of Salmonella Typhimurium. J. Food Sci. 62: 1067-1071.
    CrossRef