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J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2006; 16(7): 1097-1103

Published online July 28, 2006

Copyright © The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Biotransformation of Flavonoids with O-Methyltransferase from Bacillus cereus

Lee, Yoon Jung , Bong-Gyu Kim , Younghee Park , Yoongho Lim , Hor-Gil Hur 1 and Joong-Hoon Ahn 1*

Abstract

The divalent antibody-toxins are expected to have increased binding avidities to target cells because of the two cell-binding domains. However, previous studies showed that the refolding yield of divalent antibody-toxin is very low, and it is assumed that homodimer formation of antibody-toxin is strongly interfered by the repulsion between the two large toxin domains that come close to each other during dimer formation. In this study, B3 antibody was used as a model antibody, and its Fab domain was used to construct three different kinds of Fab divalent molecules, $[B3(Fab)-toxin]_{2}$. The monomer Fab-toxin molecules were made by fusing the Fab domain of monoclonal antibody B3 to PE38, a truncated mutant form of Pseudomonas exotoxin (PE), and a connecting sequence that contained spacer amino acid sequence (G4S)n (n=l, 2, 3) was inserted between Fab and PE38. The prepared divalent molecules were $[Fab-S\;1,\;2,\;3-PE38]_{2}\;(=[Fab-SKPCIST-KAS(G_{4}S)nGGPE-PE38]_{2}\;(n=1,\;2,\;3))$, and they are derivatives of previously studied $[Fab-H2cys-PE38]_{2}\;(=[Fab-SKPCIST-KASGGPE-PE38]_{2})$. In $[Fab-Sl,\;2,\;3-PE38]_{2}$, two Fab-S1, 2, 3-PE38 monomers were covalently linked by the disulfide bond bridge made from cysteine in the -SKPCIST- sequence. The insertion of spacer amino acids after the disulfide bridge resulted in a 12-18 fold higher yield of dimer formation than previously constructed $[Fab-Hlcys-PZ38]_{2}[7]$, 3-4-fold higher than $[Fab-ext-PZ38]_{2}[25]$. These two molecules have less amino acid spacer sequence between the disulfide bridge and PE38 domain. The design of $[Fab-PE38]_{2}$ in this study gave molecules with a higher refolding yield. The results of cytotoxicity assay showed a higher cytotoxic effect of these divalent molecules than that of the monovalent scFv-PE38 molecule.

Keywords: O-methyltransferase, Bacillus cereus, biotransformation, flavonoids