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Fig. 4.

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Fig. 4. Modulation of the mitogen‐activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling by SL (5%) from LAB strains in TNF-α/IFN-γ‐induced HaCaT keratinocytes. Representative western blot images of p‐ERK/ERK (A), p‐JNK/JNK (B), and p‐p38/p38 (C) expression was shown. The protein expression was normalized to non‐phosphorylated protein. The bars indicate the mean ± SEM. Different letters (a–d) show significant difference at p < 0.05 (n = 3). *T+I, TNF-α/IFN-γ only treated group.
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2023;33:1039~1049
© J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.