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Fig. 3.

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Fig. 3. Effect of SL (5%) from LAB strains on the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (Nf‐κB) signaling pathway in TNF-α/IFN-γ‐induced HaCaT keratinocytes. The protein expression of IκB (A) and Nf‐κB (B) were normalized to non‐phosphorylated protein. The bars indicate the mean ± SEM. Different letters (a–d) show significant difference at p < 0.05 (n = 3). *T+I, TNF-α/IFN-γ only treated group.
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2023;33:1039~1049
© J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.