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Fig. 1.

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Fig. 1. Disruption of established microbial biofilm from Candida albicans (A), Staphylococcus simulans (B), Staphylococcus aureus (C), and Borrelia burgdorferi (D) after treatment with a nutraceutical enzyme and botanical blend across a dose range of 0.8 – 12.5 mg/ml. Data is shown as the average + standard deviation of nine repeats of each treatment dose, as the % change from untreated biofilm, where the untreated biofilm had gone through identical procedures for removal of planktonic forms, washing, and addition of fresh medium. Biofilm mass was quantified by crystal violet staining (solid lines), and the metabolic activity of the microbial biofilms was measured by the MTT assay (dashed lines). All data points were statistically significant when compared to the untreated control biofilm cultures, except where the data point is annotated by NS (not significant).
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2023;33:715~723 https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.2212.12010
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