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Fig. 1.

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Fig. 1. Schematic diagram representing four stages of biofilm formation (1) surface bacterial attachment, (2) microcolony formation, (3) maturation of biofilm architecture, and (4) dispersion of cells into the planktonic state (adapted from [15-17]).
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2023;33:15~27 https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.2207.07032
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