2013 ; 23(5):
|Author||Navdeep Kaur Dhami, M. Sudhakara Reddy, Abhijit Mukherjee|
|Affiliation||Department of Biotechnology, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, India|
|Title||Biomineralization of Calcium Carbonate Polymorphs by the Bacterial Strains Isolated from Calcareous Sites|
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2013 ; 23(5):
|Abstract||Microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation
(MICCP) is a naturally occurring biological process that
has various applications in remediation and restoration of
a range of building materials. In the present investigation,
five ureolytic bacterial isolates capable of inducing
calcium carbonate precipitation were isolated from
calcareous soils on the basis of production of urease,
carbonic anhydrase, extrapolymeric substances, and biofilm.
Bacterial isolates were identified as Bacillus megaterium,
B. cereus, B. thuringiensis, B. subtilis, and Lysinibacillus
fusiformis based on 16S rRNA analysis. The calcium
carbonate polymorphs produced by various bacterial
isolates were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy,
confocal laser scanning microscopy, X ray diffraction, and
Fourier transmission infra red spectroscopy. A strainspecific
precipitation of calcium carbonate forms was
observed from different bacterial isolates. Based on the
type of polymorph precipitated, the technology of MICCP
can be applied for remediation of various building materials.|
|Keywords||Bacillus, calcite, vaterite, biofilm, urease, carbonic anhydrase|
Achal, V., A. Mukherjee, P. C. Basu, and M. S. Reddy. 2009. Strain improvement of Sporosarcina pasteurii for enhanced urease and calcite production. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 36:981-988.
Bäuerlein, E. 2003. Biomineralization of unicellular organisms:An unusual membrane biochemistry for the production of inorganic nano- and microstructures. Angew. Chem. Int. 42:614-641.
Braissant, O., G. Cailleau, C. Dupraz, and E. P. Verrecchia. 2003. Bacterially induced mineralization of calcium carbonate in terrestrial environments: The role of exopolysaccharides and amino acid. J. Sed. Res. 72: 485-490.
Castanier, S., G. Le Metayer-Levrel, and J. P. Perthuisot. 1999. Ca-carbonates precipitation and limestone genesis - the microbiogeologist point of view. Sediment. Geol. 126: 9-23.
Castanier, S., G. Le Métayer-Levrel, and J. P. Perthuisot. 2000. Bacterial roles in the precipitation of carbonate minerals, pp. 32-39. In R. E. Riding and S. M. Awramik (eds.). Microbial Sediments. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.
De Yoreo, J. J. and P. M. Dove. 2004. Shaping crystals with biomolecules. Science 306: 1301-1302.
Dhami, N. K., A. Mukherjee, and M. S. Reddy. 2012. Improvement in strength properties of ash bricks by bacterial calcite. Ecol. Eng. 39: 31-35.
Dhami, N. K., A. Mukherjee, and M. S. Reddy. 2012. Biofilm and Microbial Applications in Biomineralized concrete, pp. 137-164. In Jong Seto (ed.). Advanced Topics in Biomineralization. InTech.
Ercole, C., P. Bozzelli, F. Altieri, P. Cacchio, and M. D. Gallo. 2012. Calcium carbonate mineralization: involvement of extracellular polymeric materials isolated from calcifying bacteria. Microsc. Microanal. 18: 829-839.
Ercole, C., P. Cacchio, A. L. Botta, V. Centi, and A. Lepidi. 2007. Bacterially induced mineralization of calcium carbonate:The role of exopolysaccharides and capsular polysaccharides. Microsc. Microanal. 13: 42-50.
Friedman, L. E., B. N. de Passerini Rossi, M. T. Messina, and M. A. Franco. 2001. Phenotype evaluation of Bordetella bronchiseptica cultures by urease activity and Congo red affinity. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 33: 285-290.
Hammes, F., N. Boon, J. De Villiers, W. Verstraete, and S. D. Siciliano. 2003. Strain-specific ureolytic microbial calcium carbonate precipitation. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69: 49014909.
Holt, J. G., N. R. Krieg, P. H. A Sneath, J. T. Staley, and S. T. Williams. 1994. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th Ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.
Karn, K. S., S. K. Chakrabarty, and M. S. Reddy. 2010. Characterization of pentachlorophenol degrading Bacillus strains from secondary pulp and paper industry sludge. Int. Biodeter. Biodegrad. 64: 609-613.
Kawaguchi, T. and A. W. Decho. 2002. A laboratory investigation of cyanobacterial extracellular polymeric secretion (EPS) in influencing CaCO3 polymorphism. J. Cryst. Growth 240: 230-235.
Lian, B., Q. Hu, J. Chen, J. Ji, and H. H. Teng. 2006. Carbonate biomineralization by soil bacterium Bacillus megaterium. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 70: 5522-5535.
Mann, S. 2001. Biomineralization: Principles and Concepts in Bioinorganic Materials Chemistry. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Meldrum, F. and H. Cölfen. 2008. Controlling mineral morphologies and structures in biological and synthetic systems. Chem. Rev. 108: 4332-4432.
Merz-Preiss, M. and R. Riding. 1999. Cyanobacterial tufa calcification in two freshwater streams: Ambient environment, chemical thresholds and biological processes. Sediment Geol. 126: 103-124.
Mitchell, A. C., K. Dideriksen, L. H. Spangler, A. B. Cunningham, and R. Gerlach. 2010. Microbially enhanced carbon capture and storage by mineral-trapping and solubility-trapping. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44: 5270-5276.
Morikawa, M., S. Kagihiro, M. Haruki, K. Takano, S. Branda, R. Kotler, and S. Kanaya. 2006. Biofilm formation by a Bacillus subtilis strain that produces polyglutamate. Microbiology 152:2801-2807.
Park, I. S. and R. P. Hausinger. 1995. Requirement of carbon dioxide for in vitro assembly of urease nickel metallocenter. Science 267: 1156-1158.
Qian, C., R. Wang, L. Cheng, and J. Wang. 2010. Theory of microbial carbonate precipitation and its application in restoration of cement-based materials defects. Chin. J. Chem. 28: 847-857.
Rivadeneyra, M. A., G., Delgado, A. Ramos-Cormenzana, and R. Delgado. 1998. Biomineralization of carbonates by Halomonas eurihalina in solid and liquid media with different salinities:Crystal formation sequence. Res. Microbiol. 149: 277-287.
Rodriguez-Navarro, C., C. Jimenez-Lopez, A. Rodriguez-Navarro, M. T Gonzalez-Muñoz, and M. Rodríguez-Gallego. 2007. Bacterially mediated mineralization of vaterite. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71: 1197-1213.
Smith, K. S. and J. G. Ferry. 1999. A plant type (L class) carbonic anhydrase from the thermophilic methanoarchaeon Methanobacteium thermoautotrophicum. J. Bacteriol. 181: 6247 -6253.
Sondi, I. and E. Matijevic. 2001. Homogeneous precipitation of calcium carbonates by enzyme catalyzed reaction. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 238: 208-214.
Stahler, M. F., L. Ganter, L. Katherin, K. Manfred, and B. Stephen. 2005. Mutational analysis of Helicobacter pylori carbonic anhydrases. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 44:183-189.
Stocks-Fischer, S., J. K. Galinat, and S. S. Bang. 1999. Microbiological precipitation of CaCO3. Soil Biol. Biochem. 31:1563-1571.
Tamura, K., D. Peterson, N. Peterson, G. Stecher, M. Nei, and S. Kumar. 2011. MEGA5: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Mol. Biol. Evol. 28: 2731-2739.
Tourney, J. and B. T. Ngwenya. 2009. Bacterial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) mediate CaCO3 morphology and polymorph. Chem. Geol. 262: 138-146.
Tsuneda, S., J. Jung, H. Hayashi, H. Aikawa, A. Hirata, and H. Sasaki. 2003. Influence of extracellular polymers on electrokinetic properties of heterotrophic bacterial cells examined by soft particle electrophoresis theory. Colloids Surf. B 29: 181-188.
Warren, L. A., P. A. Maurice, N. Parmar, and F. G. Ferris. 2001. Microbially mediated calcium carbonate precipitation: Implications for interpreting calcite precipitation and for solid-phase capture of inorganic contaminants. Geomicrobiol. J. 18: 93-115.