2013 ; 23(10):
|Author||Jae Kyung Kim|
|Affiliation||Department of Laboratory Medicine, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan 330-714, Republic of Korea|
|Title||Epidemiological Trends of Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Women in Cheonan, South Korea, 2006-2012|
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2013 ; 23(10):
|Abstract||A lack of investigation in specific regions has impeded the understanding of epidemiological
trends in the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in South Korea. To help fill
this research gap, this study used multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) to determine
the prevalence of STIs detected in clinical specimens collected from women in Cheonan, South
Korea between August 2006 and November 2012, and analyzed the prevalence of STIs
according to age, bacterial pathogen, and time period. Of the 1,618 specimens collected from
1,523 patients, 536 (35.2%) tested positive for at least 1 pathogen, with 407 (25.2%) testing
positive for 1 pathogen, 103 (6.4%) for 2 pathogens, 20 (1.2%) for 3 pathogens, and 6 (0.4%) for
4 pathogens (n = 697 pathogens total). The median ages of all patients and of STI-positive
patients were 37.8 and 33.3 years, respectively, and both decreased annually over the study
period. Mycoplasma hominis (MH) was detected in 62.1% of the positive specimens, Ureaplasma
urealyticum (UU) in 28.4%, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in 23.1%, Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) in
7.8%, Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) in 6.5%, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) in 2.1%. Whereas the
prevalence of MH, MG, and TV infection did not vary greatly over the study period, that of
UU decreased by one-fifth and that of both CT and NG increased 4-fold. The results indicate
great variability in the rates of infection with each pathogen and a decreasing trend in overall
STI prevalence, age of patients seeking STI testing, and age of STI-positive patients.|
|Keywords||Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, sexually transmitted infection|
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