Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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2012 ; 22(12): 1749~1757

AuthorHyeRyun Kim, Jae-Ho Kim, Dong-Hoon Bai, ByungHak Ahn
AffiliationKorean Alcoholic Beverage Research Center, Korea Food Research Institute, Sungnam 463-746, Korea,Department of Food Engineering, Dankook University, Cheonan 330-714, Korea
TitleFeasibility of Brewing Makgeolli Using Pichia anomala Y197-13, a Non-Saccharomyces cerevisiae
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2012 ; 22(12): 1749~1757
AbstractMakgeolli is a traditional rice wine favored by the general public in Korea. This study investigated the fermentation and sensory characteristics of using wild yeast strains for brewing makgeolli. A non-Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain was isolated from nuruk and termed Y197-13. It showed 98% similarity to Pichia anomala and had an optimal growth temperature of 25oC. Makgeolli was manufactured using koji, jinju nuruk, and improved nuruk as fermentation agents. Y197-13 makgeolli brewed with koji had alcohol and solids contents of 11.1% and 13.9%, respectively. Sweet sensory characteristics were attributed to residual sugars in makgeolli with 6% alcohol. The makgeolli had a fresh sour taste and carbonated taste. Volatile component analysis showed the isoamyl alcohol, phenylethyl alcohol, isoamyl acetate, and fatty acid, including ethyl oleate and ethyl linoleate, relative peak area was higher in Y197-13 makgeolli than in makgeolli with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These results suggest the wild yeast, Y197-13, as a candidate for brewing makgeolli.
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KeywordsMakgeolli, wild yeast strain, nuruk, Pichia anomala
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