Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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2008 ; 18(1): 124~127

AuthorAziza, M., L. Adour, A. AMRANE
AffiliationCentre de Developpement des Energies Renouvelables, B.P. 62 Route de l Observatoire, Village Celeste, Bouzareah, Algiers, Algeria
TitleAssimilation of Peptides and Amino Acids and Dissimilation of Lactate During Submerged Pure Cultures of Penicillium camembertii and Geotrichum candidum
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2008 ; 18(1): 124~127
AbstractThe behavior of Penicillium camembertii and Geotrichum candidum growing in submerged pure cultures on simple (glutamate) or complex (peptones) substrates as nitrogen and carbon sources and lactate as a second carbon source was examined. Similar to the behavior previously recorded on a simple substrate (glutamate), a clear differentiation between the carbon source and the energy source was also shown on peptones and lactate during P. camembertii growth, since throughout growth, lactate was only dissimilated, viz., used for energy supply by oxidation into $CO_2$, whereas peptides and amino acids from peptones were used for carbon (and nitrogen) assimilation. Because of its deaminating activity, G candidum preferred peptides and amino acids to lactate as energy sources, in addition to being assimilated as carbon and nitrogen sources. From this, on peptones and lactate, G candidum grew faster than P. camembertii (0.19 and 0.08 g/l/h, respectively) by assimilating the most readily utilizable peptides and amino acids; however, owing to its lower proteolytic activity, the maximum biomass was lower than that of P. camembertii (3.7 and 5.5 g/l, respectively), for which continuous proteolysis and assimilation of peptides were shown.
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KeywordsCarbon sources, energy supply, Geotrichum candidum, Penicillium camembertii, nitrogen sources, pure cultures
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