Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology publishes the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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2007 ; 17(9): 1452~1459

AuthorYoo, Ah Young, Sam Woong Kim, Jong Earn Yu, Young Hee Kim, Jaeho Cha, Jeong-Il Oh, Seong Kug Eo, John Hwa Lee, Ho Young Kang
TitleRequirement of Fur for the Full Induction of dps Expression in Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2007 ; 17(9): 1452~1459
AbstractThe Dps protein, which is overexpressed in harsh environments, is known to playa critical role in the protection of DNA against oxidative stresses. In this study, the roles of Fur in the expression of the dps gene in Salmonella and the protection mechanisms against oxidative stress in Salmonella cells preexposed to iron-stress were investigated. Two putative Fur boxes were predicted within the promoter region of the S. typhimurium dps gene. The profile of dps expression performed by the LacZ reporter assay revealed growth-phase dependency regardless of iron-status under the culture conditions. The fur mutant, $_X4659$, evidenced a reduced level of ${\beta}$-galactosidase as compared to the wild-type strain. The results observed after the measurement of the Dps protein in various Salmonella regulatory mutants were consistent with the results acquired in the reporter assay. This evidence suggested that Fur performs a function as a subsidiary regulator in the expression of dps. The survival ability of Salmonella strains after exposure to oxidative stress demonstrated that the Dps protein performs a pivotal function in the survival of stationary-phase S. typhimurium against oxidative stress. Salmonella cells grown in iron-restricted condition required Dps for full protection against oxidative stress. The CK24 (${\Delta}dps$) cells grown in iron-replete condition survived at a rate similar to that observed in the wild-type strain, thereby suggesting the induction of an unknown protection mechanism(s) other than Dps in this condition.
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KeywordsDps, S. typhimurium, iron metabolism, Fur, oxidative stress
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