Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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2018 ; 28(7): 1168~1177

AuthorXiaojian Ma, Chongde Wu, Jun Huang, Rongqing Zhou, Bi Shi
AffiliationNational Engineering Laboratory of Clean Technology for Leather Manufacture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China,College of Light Industry, Textile and Food Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
TitleMicrobial Community of Tannery Wastewater Involved in Nitrification Revealed by Illumina MiSeq Sequencing
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2018 ; 28(7): 1168~1177
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the microbial community of three tannery wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) involved in nitrification by Illumina MiSeq sequencing. The results showed that highly diverse communities were present in tannery wastewater. A total of six phyla, including Proteobacteria (37-41%), Bacteroidetes (6.04-16.80), Planctomycetes (3.65- 16.55), Chloroflexi (2.51-11.48), Actinobacteria (1.91-9.21), and Acidobacteria (3.04-6.20), were identified as the main phyla, and Proteobacteria dominated in all the samples. Within Proteobacteria, Beta-proteobacteria was the most abundant class, with the sequence percentages ranging from 9.66% to 17.44%. Analysis of the community at the genus level suggested that Thauera, Gp4, Ignavibacterium, Phycisphaera, and Arenimonas were the core genera shared by at least two tannery WWTPs. A detailed analysis of the abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) indicated that Nitrosospira, Nitrosomonas, and Nitrospira were the main AOB and NOB in tannery wastewater, respectively, which exhibited relatively high abundance in all samples. In addition, real-time quantitative PCR was conducted to validate the results by quantifying the abundance of the AOB and total bacteria, and similar results were obtained. Overall, the results presented in this study may provide new insights into our understanding of key microorganisms and the entire community of tannery wastewater and contribute to improving the nitrogen removal efficiency.
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KeywordsMicrobial community, nitrification, tannery wastewater, high-throughput sequencing
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