2019 ; Vol.29-12: 1975~1981
|Author||Min Namgung, Yeon-Jeong Lim, Min Kyu Kang, Chang-Sik Oh, Duck-Hwan Park|
|Place of duty||Kangwon National University, Republic of Korea|
|Title||Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 Improves Escherichia coli O157:H7 Survival in Tomato Plants|
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2019 ;
|Abstract||Recently, outbreaks of food-borne diseases linked to fresh produce have been an emerging public health concerns worldwide. Previous research has shown that when human pathogens co-exist with plant pathogens, they have improved growth and survival rates. In this study, we have assessed whether Escherichia coli O157:H7 benefits in the existence of a phytopathogenic bacterium and the underlying mechanisms were further investigated. When Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (Pst DC3000) and E. coli O157:H7 were co-inoculated by either dipping or infiltration methods, the populations of E. coli O157:H7 increased; however, no effect was observed when type three secretion system (T3SS) mutants were used instead, suggesting that E. coli O157:H7 benefits from the presence of Pst DC3000. In addition, this study confirmed that the E. coli O157:H7 populations increased when they occupied the tomato leaf intercellular space; this colonization of the interior of the leaves was possible due to the suppression of the PAMP triggered immunity (PTI) by Pst DC3000, in particular with the AvrPto effector. In conclusion, our data supports a plausible model that E. coli O157:H7 benefits from the presence of Pst DC3000 via AvrPto suppression of the PTI resistance.|
|Key_word||AvrPto, E. coli O157:H7, effector, food-borne disease, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000, tomato|
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