Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology publishes the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

2019 ; Vol.29-9: 1369~1374

AuthorSang-Kap Han, Dong Hyun Kim
Place of dutyNeurobiota Research Center, Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea
TitleLactobacillus mucosae and Bifidobacterium longum Synergistically Alleviate Immobilization Stress-Induced Anxiety/Depression in Mice by Suppressing Gut Dysbiosis
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2019 ; Vol.29-9
AbstractWe isolated Lactobacillus mucosae NK41 and Bifidobacterium longum NK46 from human feces, which induced BDNF expression in corticosterone-stimulated SH-SY5Y cells, and examined their anti-depressive effects in mice. NK41, NK46, and their (1:1) mixture significantly mitigated immobilization stress (IS)-induced anxiety-like/depressive behaviors, hippocampal NF-κB activation, BDNF expression, Iba1+ cell population, and blood corticosterone, TNF-α, IL- 6, and lipopolysaccharide levels. Furthermore, they inhibited colitis marker NF-κB activation, and TNF-α expression in mice with IS-induced anxiety/depression. They additionally suppressed gut Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes populations and bacterial lipopolysaccharide production. These findings suggest that NK41 and NK46 may alleviate anxiety/depression and colitis by suppressing gut dysbiosis.
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Key_wordBifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus mucosae, depression, anxiety, gut microbiota
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