Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology publishes the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

2019 ; Vol.29-12: 1947~1956

AuthorKondreddy Eswar Reddy, Hye-Ran Kim, Jin Young Jeong, Kyoung-Min So, Seul Lee, Sang Yun Ji, Minji Kim, Hyun-Jung Lee, Sungdae Lee, Ki-Hyun Kim, Minseok Kim
Place of dutyAnimal Nutrition and Physiology Team, National Institute of Animal Science, Wanju 55365, Republic of Korea
TitleImpact of Breed on the Fecal Microbiome of Dogs under the Same Dietary Condition
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2019 ; Vol.29-12
AbstractThe gut microbiome influences the health and well-being of dogs. However, little is known about the impact of breed on the fecal microbiome composition in dogs. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the differences in the fecal microbiome in three breeds of dog fed and housed under the same conditions, namely eight Maltese (8.0 ± 0.1 years), eight Miniature Schnauzer (8.0 ± 0.0 years), and nine Poodle dogs (8.0 ± 0.0 years). Fresh fecal samples were collected from the dogs and used to extract metagenomic DNA. The composition of the fecal microbiome was evaluated by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing on the MiSeq platform. A total of 840,501 sequences were obtained from the 25 fecal samples and classified as Firmicutes (32.3–97.3% of the total sequences), Bacteroidetes (0.1–62.6%), Actinobacteria (0.2–14.7%), Fusobacteria (0.0–5.7%), and Proteobacteria (0.0–5.1%). The relative abundance of Firmicutes was significantly lower in the Maltese dog breed than that in the other two breeds, while that of Fusobacteria was significantly higher in the Maltese than in the Miniature Schnauzer breed. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Streptococcus, Fusobacterium, Turicibacter, Succinivibrio, and Anaerobiospirillum differed significantly among the three dog breeds. These genera had no correlation with age, diet, sex, body weight, vaccination history, or parasite protection history. Within a breed, some of these genera had a correlation with at least one blood chemistry value. This study indicates that the composition of the fecal microbiome in dogs is affected by breed.
Full-Text
Key_wordDog, fecal microbiome, breed, dietary condition, bacterial abundance
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