Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology publishes the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

2019 ; Vol.29-5: 785~793

AuthorKhandker Shazia Afrin, Md Abdur Rahim, Hee-Jeong Jung, Jong-In Park, Hoy-Taek Kim, Ill-Sup Nou
Place of dutyDepartment of Horticulture, Sunchon National University, Suncheon, Republic of Korea
TitleDevelopment of Molecular Marker through Genome Realignment for Specific Detection of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris Race 5, a Pathogen of Black Rot Disease
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2019 ; Vol.29-5
AbstractBlack rot caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is the most damaging disease in Brassica crops around the world. In this study, we developed a molecular marker specific to Xcc race 5. To do this, the available whole genome sequences of Xcc races/strains and Xc subspecies were aligned and identified a highly variable genomic region (XccR5-89.2). Subsequently, a primer set covering the ‘XccR5-89.2’ region was designed and tested against the genomic DNA of Xcc races/strains, Xc subspecies and other plant-infecting bacterial strains (Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola and Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora). The results showed that the ‘XccR5-89.2’ primer pair amplified a 2,172-bp fragment specific to Xcc race 5. Moreover, they also amplified a 1,515-bp fragment for Xcc race 1 and an over 3,000-bp fragment for Xcc race 3. However, they did not amplify any fragments from the remaining Xcc races/strains, subspecies or other bacterial strains. The ‘XccR5-89.2’ primer pair was further PCR amplified from race-unknown Xcc strains and ICMP8 was identified as race 5 among nine race-unknown Xcc strains. Further cloning and sequencing of the bands amplified from race 5 and ICMP8 with ‘XccR5-89.2’ primers revealed both carrying identical sequences. The results showed that the ‘XccR5-89.2’ marker can effectively and proficiently detect, and identify Xcc race 5 from Xcc races/strains, subspecies and other plant-infecting bacteria. To our knowledge, this is the first report for an Xcc race 5-specific molecular marker.
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Key_wordXanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, race 5, black rot, molecular marker, cabbage
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