Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology publishes the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

2019 ; Vol.29-3: 441~453

AuthorHanlin Zhang, Xianqing Zheng, Naling Bai, Shuangxi Li, Juanqin Zhang, Weiguang Lv
Place of dutyEco-environmental Protection Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Science, China,Agricultural Environment and Farmland Conservation Experiment Station of Ministry Agriculture, China ,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Horticultural Technology, China
TitleResponses of Soil Bacterial and Fungal Communities to Organic and Conventional Farming Systems in East China
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2019 ; Vol.29-3
AbstractOrganic farming is considered an effective form of sustainable agricultural management. However, understanding of soil microbial diversity and composition under long-term organic and conventional farming is still limited and controversial. In this study, the Illumina MiSeq platform was applied to investigate the responses of soil bacterial and fungal diversity and compositions to organic farming (OF) and improved conventional farming (CF, applied straw retention) in the rice-wheat rotation system. The results highlighted that the alpha diversity of microbial communities did not differ significantly, except for higher bacterial diversity under OF. However, there were significant differences in the compositions of the soil bacterial and fungal communities between organic and conventional farming. Under our experimental conditions, through the ecological functional analysis of significant different or unique bacterial and fungal taxonomic members at the phyla and genus level, OF enhanced nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus and carbon dynamic cycling in soil with the presence of Nodosilinea, Nitrospira, LCP-6, HB118, Lyngbya, GOUTA19, Mesorhizobium, Sandaracinobacter, Syntrophobacter and Sphingosinicella, and has the potential to strengthen soil metabolic ability with Novosphingobium. On the other hand, CF increased the intensity of nitrogen cycling with Ardenscatena, KD1-23, Iamia, Nitrosovibrio and Devosia, but enriched several pathogen fungal members, including Coniochaeta, Corallomycetella, Cyclaneusma, Cystostereum, Fistulina, Curvularia and Dissoconium.
Full-Text
Key_wordBacterial and fungal community, high throughout sequencing, rice-wheat rotation, organic and conventional farming
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