Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology publishes the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

2018 ; Vol.28-10: 1736~1748

AuthorSoojin Shim, Young Bin Im, Myunghwan Jung, Woo Bin Park, Han Sang Yoo
Place of dutyDepartment of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
TitleGenes Related to Intracellular Survival of Brucella abortus in THP-1 Macrophage Cells
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2018 ; Vol.28-10
AbstractBrucella abortus can survive and replicate within host macrophages, and great efforts have been made to demonstrate the genes involved in pathogenicity, such as internalization, in Brucella research. Here, intracellular responses were compared between THP-1 macrophage cells stimulated with B. abortus wild-type and four mutants (C1, C10, C27, and C32) using microarray to demonstrate the role of genes related to intracellular survival and replication. These mutants were generated by deleting genes encoding BAB_RS13225 (4-hydrobenzoate 3- monooxygenase, PHBH), BAB_RS00455 (heme exporter protein cytochrome C, CcmC), BAB_RS03675 (exopolyphosphatase, PPX), and BAB_RS13225 (peptidase M24). The results showed that mutants C1 and C10 induced significant suppression of survival levels and cytokine expression relative to wild-type in the THP-1 macrophage cells. These findings suggest that the BAB_RS13225 and BAB_RS00455 genes play important roles in survival within human macrophages. Conversely, mutants C27 and C32 induced significantly higher survival level than wild-type in the cells inhibiting cellular signal transduction. It is assumed that the BAB_RS03675 and BAB_RS13225 genes play a role in cellular resistance to B. abortus. Therefore, the disrupted genes are involved in B. abortus intracellular growth, and especially in its survival, and they could be effective targets for understanding the intracellular bacterium, B. abortus.
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Key_wordB. abortus, mutants, THP-1 macrophage cells, intracellular survival and replication, gene expression
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