2015 ; Vol.25-7: 1056~1069
|Author||Li-Bo Yang, Xiao-Meng Dai, Zhi-Yong Zheng, Li Zhu, Xiao-Bei Zhan, Chi-Chung Lin|
|Place of duty||Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology of Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, P.R. China|
|Title||Proteomic Analysis of Erythritol-Producing Yarrowia lipolytica from Glycerol in Response to Osmotic Pressure|
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2015 ;
|Abstract||Osmotic pressure is a critical factor for erythritol production with osmophilic yeast. Protein
expression patterns of an erythritol-producing yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica, were analyzed to
identify differentially-expressed proteins in response to osmotic pressure. In order to analyze
intracellular protein levels quantitatively, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was performed
to separate and visualize the differential expression of the intracellular proteins extracted from
Y. lipolytica cultured under low (3.17 osmol/kg) and high (4.21 osmol/kg) osmotic pressures.
Proteomic analyses allowed identification of 54 differentially-expressed proteins among the
proteins distributed in the range of pI 3-10 and 14.4-97.4 kDa molecular mass between the
osmotic stress conditions. Remarkably, the main proteins were involved in the pathway of
energy, metabolism, cell rescue, and stress response. The expression of such enzymes related
to protein and nucleotide biosynthesis was inhibited drastically, reflecting the growth arrest of
Y. lipolytica under hyperosmotic stress. The improvement of erythritol production under high
osmotic stress was due to the significant induction of a range of crucial enzymes related to
polyols biosynthesis, such as transketolase and triosephosphate isomerase, and the osmotic
stress responsive proteins like pyridoxine-4-dehydrogenase and the AKRs family. The polyols
biosynthesis was really related to an osmotic response and a protection mechanism against
hyperosmotic stress in Y. lipolytica. Additionally, the high osmotic stress could also induce
other cell stress responses as with heat shock and oxidation stress responses, and these
responsive proteins, such as the HSPs family, catalase T, and superoxide dismutase, also had
drastically increased expression levels under hyperosmotic pressure.|
|Key_word||Yarrowia lipolytica, Osmotic stress response, Proteomics, Erythritol|
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