Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology publishes the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Condition  Expression
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2006 ; 16(10): 1646~1649

AuthorSong, Chin-Hee, Hyoung-Rok Paik, Chi Nma Seong
AffiliationDepartment of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Science, Sunchon National University, Jeonnam, Korea
TitleAn In Vitro Assay to Screen for Translation Inhibitors
PublicationInfo J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.2006 16(10): 1646~1649
AbstractProtein synthesis is the ultimate outcome of gene expression which, in turn, is regulated by several translation factors. We attempted to identify substances that can inhibit the translation process in vitro when the outcome protein is luciferase. To this end, we developed a sensitive cell-free protein synthesis assay using luciferase as the reporter. The synthesis of luciferase increased proportionately as mRNA was added to a $15-{\mu}l$reaction medium in concentrations raging from 5 ng to 500 ng. The maximum amount of luciferase was synthesized when the media were incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ for 40 min. The concentration of each compound that inhibited luciferase production by 50% ($IC_{50}$) was calculated. Hygromycin, puromycin, and cycloheximide yielded an $IC_{50}$ of 0.008, 0.8, and $0.7{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. A filtrate of Streptomyces spp. isolates inhibited protein synthesis up to S-fold when added to the in vitro translation assay mixture.
KeywordsIn vitro translation, luciferase, inhibitor, Streptomyces spp, protein synthesis

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