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JMB Journal of Microbiolog and Biotechnology

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For Contributors

For Authors

  • The Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology (JMB) is an international English journal published monthly by the Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology (KMB), and distributed by the KMB worldwide.
  • Copyright is reserved by the Society.
  • No responsibility is assumed by the Society for statements and opinions expressed by the contributors to the journal.

Indexing

JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY and Biotechnology is Indexed/Abstracted in: The journal is covered in PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index ExpandedTM, Scopus, Biotechnology Citation IndexTM, Research AlertTM, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, Elsevier BIOBASE/Current Awareness in Biological Sciences, Chemical Abstracts, and Biological Abstracts.

How to Submit Manuscripts

Membership in the KMB is not a prerequisite for submission or consideration of manuscripts. Authors are requested to submit their manuscripts electronically by using JMB online manuscript submission system, which is available at http://www.jmb.or.kr. This site will guide authors through the steps of the submission process. The Editorial Office will acknowledge receipt of your manuscript within 24 hours of submission. Please contact the Editorial Office (jmb@jmb.or.kr) if you do not receive confirmation within this period of time. The “date of receipt” that appears in the published paper will be the date when the manuscript editor received the manuscript.

File Formats

Prepare the text in Microsoft (MS) Word (6.0 or later version) or WordPerfect. Set the page size to have 2.5 cm margins on all sides. The font size should be no smaller than 12 points. The entire manuscript should be double spaced, including the References and figure legends. Number all pages in sequence, including the abstract, figure legends and tables. The last two items should be placed after the Reference section. The manuscript pages should have line numbers. The text of your manuscript (including the title page, abstract, main text, references, and figure legends) should be followed by the tables and figures in a single word file for the initial submission. Each figure should be labeled with a figure number. Standard fonts (Times New Roman, Times, or Courier), preferably Times New Roman, should be used for the generation of text, and Arial or Helvetica should be used for the figures. Use the Symbol font and the “Insert Symbol” option from the menu bar to introduce symbols in MS Word. Authors can upload their articles as MS Word (6.0 or a later version) or WordPerfect. It is also possible to submit an article in a ready-made Adobe Acrobat PDF format. However, if the article is accepted, the original source files will be needed. Authors must then check that everything was converted properly in the PDF conversion. This format is acceptable for reviewing purposes only. If your paper is accepted, you will be required to send the final version as source files, including a separate Word file for the text and graphic TIFF or EPS files for the figures, tables, and graphical abstracts. Manuscripts that do not follow the “File Formats” and “Manuscript Organization and Styles” instructions will not be suitable for editorial review or publication and will be returned to the author.

Manuscript Organization and Styles

Research Articles

Research Articles are full-length research reports that contain detailed descriptions of experimental work, with a clear interpretation and discussion of the theoretical and experimental results and data. Research Articles should be structured according to the section headings Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, Nomenclature/Appendix (if applicable), and References. Authors should present their material with the utmost clarity and conciseness and in a logical manner. The constant repetition of experimental procedures, information, and facts among sections should be avoided. The average published Research Article should be approximately 4 to 6 printed pages long, including tables and figures.

Authors should apply the following organization (in the order given) to their manuscripts:

Graphical Abstract

The graphical abstract is a single-panel image that allows readers to understand the main information at first glance. The graphical abstract should be designed to clearly represent the study described in the paper. Thus, the image should use simple labels and sparse text. The submitted image should be 1200 pixels square at 300 dpi. TIFF, PDF, and JPEG file types are preferred.

Title Page
  • title of the paper
  • author name(s)
  • author affiliation(s)
  • address(es) of the institution(s) at which the work was performed
  • name, postal and E-mail addresses, and phone and fax numbers of the corresponding author to whom the revision or galley proofs of the paper is to be sent
  • a brief running title (not to exceed 54 characters and spaces)

Regarding titles, avoid the “main title: subtitle” arrangement, declarative titles, complete sentence constructions, and the unnecessary use of articles. Because each manuscript should present the results of an independent and cohesive study, JMB does not allow the use of numbered serial titles. The running title will be considered during the compilation of the subject index and will be at the top of each printed page.
Place an asterisk after the name of the author to whom inquiries regarding the paper should be directed.
The affiliation address for each author should be indicated by superscript Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3).

Abstract

Research Articles must include an abstract of 250 words or fewer. The abstract should not repeat information already present in the title. It should be suitable for direct inclusion in Current Contents, Chemical Abstracts, and Biological Abstracts.

Key words

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords. Please avoid general terms, abbreviations, and multiple concepts (e.g., the use of “and” or “of”). Only abbreviations that are firmly established in the field may be eligible.

Introduction

The Introduction presents the purpose of the study reported and its relationship to earlier work in the field. It should not be an extensive review of the literature. Use only the references that are required to provide the most salient background to allow the readers to understand and evaluate the purpose and results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic.

Materials and Methods

The Materials and Methods section should be brief but include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated by a qualified reader.
Only new methods should be described in detail. Cite previously published procedures in the References section.

Results

The Results section should include the rationale or design and the results of the experiments. Results can be presented in figures, tables, and text. Reserve the extensive discussion of the results for the Discussion section.

Discussion

The Discussion section should focus on the interpretation of the results rather than a repetition of the Results section. The Results and Discussion sections may be combined into one section when substantial redundancy cannot be avoided in two separate sections or if a long discussion is not warranted.

Acknowledgments

Place Acknowledgments, including information on the source of any financial support received for the work being published, before the References.

References

The References section must include all relevant published works, and all listed references must be cited in the text. Arrange the reference list in the order of their appearance in the main text, and then number the list consecutively. In-text citations should include the list number in square brackets (e.g., [1], [2-4]). They should not follow the author-date format. The author(s) must check the accuracy of all reference numbers, as JMB will not be responsible for incorrect in-text reference citations.

Abbreviate journal names according to the PubMed Entrez Journals database (available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/). The referencing styles shown in the examples below should be used for journal articles (1), books (2), specific chapters in books (3), and websites (4), respectively:

  1. Lee YH, Park JS. 2004. Evaluation of operational conditions and power consumption of bioattritor for enzymatic saccharification of uncooked starch. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 14: 351-357.
  2. Brock TD, Madigan MT. 1988. Biology of Microorganisms, pp. 42-59. 5th Ed. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  3. Gershon AA, Russa P La, Steinberg SP. 1999. Varicella-zoster virus, pp. 900-911. In Murray PR, Baron EJ, Pfaller MA, Tenover FC, Yolken RH (eds.), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 7th Ed. American Society of Microbiology, Washington, D.C.
  4. Kirkman TW. 1996. Statistics to Use. Available from http:// www.physics.csbsju.edu/stats/. Accessed Nov. 20, 2011.

References to papers accepted for publication but not yet published should show the journal name and, if known, the probable year of publication, and state“in press.”

The following types of references are not valid for listing in the References section:

  • unpublished data
  • personal communication
  • manuscripts in preparation or submitted
  • pamphlets
  • abstracts
  • patents
  • newsletters
  • material that has not been subjected to peer review.
Figure legends

Figure legends should contain a brief description of the experiments so that the figure can be understood without reference to the body of the text. However, the legend should not repeat the Materials and Methods section or contain interpretive statements.

Tables

Tables should be written separately from the main text and in an appropriate font size so that each table fits on a separate page. Each table must be numbered with Arabic numerals (e.g., Table 1, Table 2) and include a title. Place table footnotes below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters (a, b, c), not symbols. Do not use vertical rulings in the tables. Each column in a table must have a heading, and abbreviations, when necessary, should be defined in the footnotes.

Figures

Figures should be provided separately from the main text. Use Arabic numerals to number all figures (e.g., Figure 1, Figure 2) according to their sequence in the text. The figure number must appear well outside the boundaries of the image itself. Multipart figures should be numbered in uppercase and bold font letters (A, B, C) without parenthesis, both within the figure itself and in the figure legends.

Note that figures may have to be reduced in size to fit the one-column (84 mm) or two-column (176 mm) space of the printed page, as determined by the journal designer. Original figures, especially line drawings, must, therefore, contain fonts and other detail that are large and clear enough to be legible even after a 50% reduction in size. Line drawings must be a minimum of 0.5 mm thickness for clear reproduction. The preferred symbols for graphs are: ○, ●, □, ■, △, ▲, ▽, ▼. Where possible, the same symbol should be used for the same quantity in different figures. Simple bar diagrams reporting only a few values are usually unnecessary; the data can normally be given in a few lines of text. It is editorial policy not to publish bar diagrams with “three-dimensional” bars unless there is a specific justification for their use. Tints should not be used as shading for bars.

All figures should be created with applications that can generate high-resolution TIFF or EPS files acceptable for publication. All figures should be embedded at the end of the text in a single Word or PDF file when you initially submit your manuscript. If your paper is accepted, we will require the submission of figures as separate TIFF or EFS files at publication quality resolution. Blurred images will not be accepted. Diagrams and photographs submitted in electronic format must be of the following minimum resolutions:

  • 300 dpi for photographs or halftones only, in both black and white and color
  • 600 dpi for photographs or halftones with line artwork as insets
  • 600 dpi for line artwork or lettering
  • 1,200 dpi for fine-line artwork and artwork with gray shades

The author(s) will be required to pay for reproduction of color photographs. The cost is US$200(200,000) for each illustration containing color. Any figures submitted in color will be reviewed and processed with the understanding that the figure will be published in color. The mode of the TIFF or EPS file must be CMYK, not RGB.

Reviews and Minireviews

Authoritative and critical Reviews and Minireviews of the current state of knowledge regarding any aspect of microbiology or biotechnology are preferred. They must be based on original articles and may address subjects within the scope of JMB.

Reviews should be divided into sections with the appropriate headings. The format of the References section is identical to that of Research Articles. It is recommended that a standard Review comprise no more than the equivalent of 12 printed journal pages, including display items and the References section. There should be no more than 80 references included.

JMB is also happy to publish more compact Minireviews that highlight topics of emerging interest and summarize developments in rapidly advancing areas. A Minireview should occupy no more than 3 printed journal pages, including display items and references. A Minireview should include no more than 30 references. If, for a particular reason, authors wish to exceed or diverge from these guidelines, they should contact the Manuscript Editor (jmb@jmb.or.kr) before submitting their manuscripts. Unsolicited reviews will be considered but are subject to the approval of the Editor-in-Chief and will be accepted only under special circumstances. Reviews will be subjected to an independent peer review, and the Editor-in-Chief may request changes or decide not to proceed with publication.

Nomenclatures, Units, Abbreviations, and Symbols

Nomenclatures and abbreviations for chemical and biochemical agents, microorganisms, enzymes, proteins, and genes should follow the Instruction to Authors for journals published by the American Society for Microbiology (available online at http://journals.asm.org/).

For nomenclature of restriction enzymes, DNA methyltransferases, homing endonucleases, and their genes, refer to the article by Roberts et al. (Nucleic Acid Res. 31:1805-1812, 2003).

JMB follows the same nomenclature for viruses as does the Journal of Virology, and more detailed information can be found in the Instructions to Authors of that journal (available online at http://jvi.asm.org/).

All abbreviations should be defined at their first use in the text only; do not repeat the definition of abbreviations thereafter.

Note that JMB uses the following specific design styles for nomenclature, abbreviations, units and symbols:

  • A. JMB prefers American spelling (e.g., labeling, sulfur, nonspecific, antiviral), abbreviations (Table 1), and nomenclature to follow internationally agreed recommendations. Authors may use common abbreviations/acronyms, which must be defined in the text at first citation and included in the Abbreviations list.
  • B. It is often convenient, especially in figures and table headings, to give a multiple of the quantity set or measure by multiplying it by a stated factor. The units in which it is expressed should not be multiplied by a number but may be indicated by prefixes such as M, k, m, μ, n or p (see Table 2).
  • C. JMB prefers the IUBMB recommendations on symbolism and terminology in rate/equilibrium constants and enzyme kinetics; e.g., Km, Ks, k1, kcat, Vmax, V0, E0, Eh, Mr, I0, ΔGa. That is, they are subscripted and non-italicized.
  • D. SI (from the French Système International d’Unités) units and quantities should be used (see the tables below; visit http://www.bipm.fr/enus/3_SI/si.html for more information). However, Å, cal, and p.p.m. can be used where appropriate.
  • E. Leave a space between a number and its unit of measure. However, do not leave a space between a number and the temperature degree, percent, angular degree, angular minute, or angular second symbol (e.g., 15°C, 50%, 90°, 75’, 18”).
  • F. Use a slash (/) in units of measure (e.g., g/ml rather than g ml-1).
  • G. Use a slash (/) in spelled-out units of measure, not the word “per,” before the abbreviation for a unit in a complex expression (e.g., 50 μg of peptide/ml, 25 mg of drug/kg of body weight, 10 counts/s, 12 domains/cm3, 2 × 103 ions/min, 0.8 keV/channel, and 125 conversions/mm2.)
  • H. Do not add an "s" to make the plural of any abbreviated units of measure. e.g., 50 mg (not 50 mgs), 3 mol (not 3 mols).
  • I. Do not mix abbreviations and spelled-out units within units of measure.
  • J. Do not capitalize surnames that are used as units of measure.
  • K. Centrifugal force should be preferably expressed as ×g, rather than rpm.
  • L. L-amino acid, D-amino acid (i.e., LD in small caps).
  • M. Names for regional bioproducts should be written in non-italicized lowercase letters. The names should be explained within parentheses when used for the first time in the abstract or text; for instance, kimchi (Korean traditional fermented cabbage).
  • N. Diagrams of nucleotide and amino acid sequences should be prepared in the most effective layout. The layout should be designed to fit the journal page (the full width of the page is 176 mm). The height of the characters should be about 1.5-2 type. A layout with 80-100 nucleotides per line is appropriate (or 60-70 if there are spaces between the codons).
  • O. Data from microarray gene expression studies must comply with the MIAME guidelines (see http://www.mged.org/Workgroups/MIAME/miame.html).
  • P. Usage should be consistent within a paper.
  • Q. The specific design styles of nomenclature, abbreviations, units and symbols are available in detail online at http://www.jmb.or.kr/.
Table 1. Abbreviations
Table 1. Abbreviations
Name memo Name memo
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid NADP+ Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, oxidized
cDNA Complementary DNA Poly(A) and poly(dT), etc. Polyadenylic acid and polydeoxythymidylic acid, etc.
RNA Ribonucleic acid Oligo(dT), etc. Oligodeoxythymidylic acid, etc.
cRNA Complementary RNA UV Ultraviolet
RNase Ribonuclease PFU Plaque-forming units
DNase Deoxyribonuclease CFU Colony-forming units
rRNA Ribosomal RNA MIC Minimal inhibitory concentration
mRNA Messenger RNA Tris Tris[hydroxymethyl] aminomethane
tRNA Transfer RNA DEAE Diethylaminoethyl
AMP, ADP, ATP, dAMP, ddATP, and GTP, etc. For the respective 5' phosphates of adenosine and other nucleosides EDTA Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid
ATPase and dGTPase, etc. Adenosine triphosphatase and deoxyguanosine triphosphatase, etc. EGTA Ethylene glycol-bis[β-aminoethyl ether]-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid
NAD Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide HEPES N-2-hydroxyethyl piperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid
NAD+ Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, oxidized PCR Polymerase chain reaction
NADH Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
NADPH Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate    
Table 2. Multiplying SI Prefixes
Table 2. Multiplying SI Prefixes
Factor Prefix Symbol
101 deca da
102 hecto h
103 kilo k
106 mega M
109 giga G
1012 Tera T
1015 peta P
1018 exa E
1021 zetta Z
1024 yotta Y
10-1 deci d
10-2 centi c
10-3 milli m
10-6 micro μ
10-9 nano n
10-12 pico p
10-15 femto f
10-18 atto a
10-21 zepto z
10-24 yocto y
Table 3. SI-Derived Units
Table 3. SI-Derived Units
Name Symbol Quantity In terms of other units In terms of SI based units
becquerel Bq activity (of a radionuclide) - s-1
coulomb C quantity of electricity, electric charge - s·A
farad F capacitance C/V m-2·kg-1·s4·A2
gray Gy absorbed dose, kerma, specific energy imparted J/kg m2·s-2
henry H inductance Wb/A m2·kg·s-2·A-2
hertz Hz frequency - S-1
joule J energy, work, quantity of heat N·m m2·kg·s-2
lumen lm luminous flux cd·sr m2·m-2·cd=cd
lux lx illuminance lm/m2 m2·m-4·cd=m-2·cd
newton N force - m·kg·S-2
ohm Ω electric resistance V/A m2·kg·S-3·A-2
pascal Pa pressure, stress N/m2 m-1·kg·S-2
siemens S conductance A/V m-2·kg-1·s3·A2
sievert Sv dose equivalent J/kg m2·s-2
tesla T magnetic flux density Wb/m2 kg·s-2·A-1
volt V electric potential, potential difference, electromotive force W/A m2·kg·s-3·A-1
watt W power, radiant flux J/s m2·kg·s-3
weber Wb magnetic flux V·s m2·kg·s-2·A-1
Table 4. SI-Derived Compound Units
Table 4. SI-Derived Compound Units
Name Symbol Quantity In terms of other units
ampere per meter A/m Magnetic field strength -
ampere per square meter A/m2 Current density -
candela per square meter Cd/m2 Luminance -
coulomb per cubic meter C/m3 Electric charge density m-3·s·A
coulomb per kilogram C/kg Exposure (X-rays and γ-rays) -

Manuscript Checklist

To ensure that all manuscript components have been completed as stated in the Author Instructions, please use the following list during the final checking of your manuscript prior to submitting it to the journal for review. Ensure that the following items are present:

  • Graphical abstract
  • One author(or authors) designated as the corresponding author(s)
  • Telephone and fax numbers and email address of the corresponding author(s)
  • Running title
  • Keywords
  • Page and line numbers
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes) and figures (separated from figure legends) are provided in a single file with the main text for initial submission.
  • References are in the correct format for this journal.
  • All references mentioned in the Reference section are cited in the text, and vice versa.

The online checklist is available in more detail at http://www.jmb.or.kr

Current Issue

JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
June, 2020
Vol.30 No.6

pISSN 1017-7825
eISSN 1738-8872

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